Mt. Sagarmatha is the world’s highest mountain at 8,848 metres (29,029 ft) above sea level. The name of the world’s highest peak in Nepali language is सगरमाथा, Sagarmāthā. Sagarmatha, which literally means ‘head on or above the sky or heaven’.
However, I seriously argue that, It is a Saagarmatha, which literally means, ‘ForeHead of the Ocean’.
Literal Meaning: Saagar/Sagar = Ocean Matha=Forehead
In phonetics, the Saagar spelling is deviated to Sagar (no meaning);
Mount Everest (Mt. Everest) is located in Sagarmatha National Park, Nepal. Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay first reached the peak of the highest mountain on Earth.
The Sagarmatha national park is the world’s highest national park located above 3000 meter (9700 ft.). This park was established in 2032 B.S. (1975 AD). It lies in the north of Khumbu region and in Solukhumbu district. Sagarmatha National Park is a protected area in the Himalayans of eastern Nepal. The total area of this park is 1148 sq. kilometers (443 sq mi). The highest peak of the world Mount Everest (Sagarmatha) and other important peaks lie in this region. This park extends to Imja Khola in the south and Tibet of china in the north which is the international border and upper part of Dudhkoshi River. This park was included in the list of World Heritage Site in the year 2039 B.S (19th July, 1976) as ‘contains superlative natural beauty and is of great aesthetic importance’. This park was created on 19th July, 1976 and was inscribed as a Natural World Heritage Site in 1979.
Sagarmatha National Park
Total Area : 1148 sq km.
Buffer Zone : 275 sq km.
Activities : Trekking, Mountaineering, Experience of sherpa culture
Accommodation : Resort hotels, Lodges, Camping
Access : Fly to Lukla which is 30 minutes by air from Kathmandu.
Best Season : Oct-Nov and Mar-May
Dec-Feb (Snow, daytime temperature 5 degrees Celcius)
Jan-Sept ( Rainy)
Prak Headquarter : Mendalphu, Namche Bazar, Solukhumbu
Contact : 038-626043
The prime attraction of Sagarmatha National Park is Mt. Everest, the highest peak of he world. The park was added to the list of the world heritage site in 1979. The park, a part of the Himalayan ecological Zone, has several other prominent peaks most of which are above 6000 meters with most of the park above 3000 meters, Sagarmatha is full of rugged terrain with deep gorges, glaciers and huge rocks. With its Himalayan terrain and its unique culture, the park offers a blend of natural and cultural tourist products here. The vegetation at lower elevation is dominated by pine and hemlock forests, while above 3500 m the forest is dominated with silver fir, birch, rhododendron, and juniper trees. During spring and monsoon the varieties of rhododendron flowers are seen. The common wildlife in the park are Himalayan thar, ghoral, mrarelyusk deer, pikka (mouse hare), weasel, jackal. Other rarely seen animals are Himalayan black bear, wolf, lynx, and snow leopard.
Birds inhabiting the park are the impeyan pheasant (Danphe), blood pheasant, red-billed chough, yellow-billed chough, snow cock, snow pigeon, Himalayan griffon, and lammergeyer. The national park also showcases the cultural trophies with the warm sherpa hospitality and its many monasteries and cultural landmarks.