Limited Sensory World   Leave a comment


In this sensorial dominant world, the six human senses are the sense of sight, hearing, touch, smell, taste and mind. These five human senses play a unique role by receiving signal information from the environment through the sense organs and relaying it to the human brain for interpretation. The brain on receiving and interpreting the information tells the body how to respond. In the light of modern scientific discoveries, we can appreciate the limitations of the human world. Today, science has demonstrated that our human world exists within the limitations of the vibrational frequencies that can be received by our sense organs. And science has also shown us that there are other vibrational frequencies which are above or below our range of reception. With the discovery of radio waves, X-rays, TV waves, and micro waves, we can appreciate the extremely limited vision that is imposed on us by our sense organs. We peep out at the universe through the ‘crack’ allowed by our sense organs, just as a little child peeps out through the crack in the door. This awareness of our limited perception demonstrates to us the possibility that other world systems may exist that are separate from ours or that interpenetrate with ours. After understanding our sensory nature, we relate with the unseen forces it can generate and affect others, ourselves, living environment as a whole in the psychology of the mind and matter relationship. Due to our limitation, abnormal psychology appears.

No matter how limited our sensory parts and its narrow view of the world it opens. However, with the same sensorial parts, with the acceptance of the multi-knowledge learning will help us to realize the ultimate reality of everything within us and outside. A stimulant incites a sensation both externally and internally, so just be aware instead of reacting everything.

3.1 SIGHT AND ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM

The eye organ senses the information perceived on the limited visible band of the electromagnetic spectrum. The visible light that people see only accounts for a small fraction of all wavelengths of light. The entire range of light, or electromagnetic radiation, is known as the electromagnetic spectrum shown in the Fig 1. The visible range of light enters the eyes and travels through the special eye features like the pupil, lens, and the retina to the special receptors in the brain through the optic nerve. The retina is a very complex tissue, made up of optic nerves (photoreceptors) that are special nerves for detecting light. The brain then interprets the information as images and sends it back to the eyes and hence one is able to see the world outside.

The region on this spectrum with the highest energy (so the shortest wavelengths) are gamma rays and the region with the lowest energy (so the longest wavelengths) are radio waves. The visible region of the spectrum has wavelengths from about 400-700 nm. The measure of wavelength determines the color on the visible spectrum. The regions with long wavelengths have low energy and the regions with short wavelengths have high energy. Along with wavelengths determining the energy, wavelengths also determine what color the light is. The electromagnetic spectrum represents a lot of information about the different forms of light.

The retina has two special types of nerve cells: The rods and the cones. Scientists believe that each eye has about 120 million rods and 7 million cones. Rods are super-sensitive in the dark, and help us see things in the dark. Cones are active in the light and help us see color. Special cone cells are sensitive to three colors: red, blue and green. With these three colors, the cone nerve cells are able to render them into millions of beautiful colors. They are the nerves that work hard all through the day!

Our eyes are to see and learn. Seeing is believing. See everything and learn everything in life. More you see, more you learn. The power of observation of the things happening around is the richest information you ever get from. An artist knows how to observe. Observation power is the ability to see the details, accuracy. This is your power of visual observation. Without observation, there are accidents in life. Eyes, not to judge others but to look beyond situations.

eye

Fig. 1 Electromagnetic Spectrum

3.2 HEARING AND SOUND

The ear sense organ of hearing manifests itself through the ears, which detect sound. The ears are responsible for hearing sounds and for balance in the human body. The ear has three parts – the outer, middle and inner ears. Hearing is the perception of sound. Sound is detected by the ear through vibrations that enter the ear canal and vibrate the eardrum. The vibrations then extend to the inner ear through special bones called the hammer, anvil, and stirrup, which further transmit the information to the brain. The snail-shaped cochlea changes the vibrations from the middle ear into nerve signals. These signals travel to the brain along the cochlear nerve, also known as the auditory nerve. The sound vibrates in 360 degree direction or 10 directions.

ear

Sound is a pressure wave caused when something vibrates, making particles bump into each other and then apart. The particles vibrate back and forth in the direction that the wave travels but do not get carried along with the wave. When you show sound waves on a graph, the amplitude is the height of the waves from their middle position and reflects how loud the waves are. Loudness of sound is measured in decibels (dB). This is actually a measure of intensity, which relates to how much energy the pressure wave has. Sound has both volume and pitch. Volume is seen as an increase in amplitude of the sound wave. Pitch is seen as a change in the frequency of the sound wave. Pitch relates to the frequency, or how many times a second the particles vibrate. The distance between one wave and the next gives the wavelength. For sounds all travelling at the same speed, high-frequency (high-pitched) sounds have waves very close together. Low-frequency sounds have a greater distance between each wave. An extreme example is the low-pitch calls made by

humpback whales, which can have up to 100 metres between the pressure peaks of their sound waves. A sound of 10Hz (cycles per second) means that 10 waves would pass a fixed point in 1 second. (Sound travels at a speed of 343 metres per second in air or 1,484 metres per second in water.) Humans can normally hear sounds between 20Hz and 20,000Hz (20kHz).

Frequency is measured in hertz (Hz). For sound, this means the number of pressure waves per second that would move past a fixed point. It is also the same as the number of vibrations per second the particles are making as they transmit the sound. As the frequency increases, the distance between the peaks of the sine wave graph decrease.

When the sound waves form a single sine-shaped wave on a graph, we hear the sound as a pure note. Tuning forks produce a pure sound, one note (a single frequency) and a very smooth line on a graph. When we combine pure notes, we can create harmonics. Harmonics are the basis of all musical instruments and result from overlaying pure notes. Noise is produced when the notes aren’t pure. The trace on the graph is bumpy and random. Our ears detect this as a less pleasant sensation and often try to screen it out. Listening is one of the decent skill to succeed in life.

3.3 TOUCH AND TACTILE

Every one of us receives tactile information about the world around us every second of the day. The sense of touch manifests through the skin; the skin detects heat, cold, pressure, and pain. The skin has many receptors that sense the levels of pressure applied to it as well as the time of application. The skin has an ability to sense even the temperature and through its multiple receptors transmit the impulses through the peripheral nervous system to the central nervous system and the brain. The brain then interprets and one is able to know whether it is hot or cold and or when in pain or friction.

skin

Our sense of touch uses many different receptors that help us to respond to different stimuli such as pain, pressure, tension, temperature, texture, shape, weight, contours and vibrations. It helps us move away when the brain perceives that there is danger. Receptors that respond to heat and cold are known as Thermoreceptors. Nociceptors respond to painful stimuli. Mechanoreceptors are those that respond to mechanical stimuli such as tension, pressure or vibration. Chemoreceptors respond chemical stimuli such as taste and smell. The entire network of sensory receptors does not only exist in the skin. It is distributed all over the inside of the body such as muscle, bones and joints, hearts and blood vessels. Altogether, it is known as the somatosensory system.

3.4 SMELL AND ODOR

The sense of smell manifests through the nose. The nose helps detects scents and chemicals in the air. The olfactory receptors in the nose pick out chemicals in the air or from food. These scents travel directly to the olfactory cortex of the brain. The brain, on interpretation and sending back the information, enables one to detect these odors and recognize a particular smell. One is then able to know whether it is a good or bad smell and is able to respond accordingly. The sensory receptors in the nose that pick-up chemicals are called Chemoreceptors.

3.5 TASTE AND SENSATION

The sense of taste manifests through the tongue. The tongue detects tastes: salty, sweet, sour, and bitter. Taste is the ability to detect different chemicals in food, minerals, and even poisonous substance. This happens through the taste buds, which are the sensory organs of the tongue. Using these tastes, the body is able to distinguish nutritious from harmful substances. The tongue distinguishes palatable and disgusting substances.

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The entire gustatory system is made up of the tongue, the papillae, taste buds and receptor cells. The surface of the tongue is made up of about ten thousand taste buds, found on the papillae (the tiny bumps on the tongue). Each taste bud has about 100 receptor cells. Our taste buds are able to detect only five chemical stimuli: sweet, bitter, sour, salty and umami (soya sauce, mushroom, salts of certain acids that are associated with savory flavors).

3.6 MIND AND CONSCIOUSNESS

We will never know the world unless we first know the mind by which the world is known. We think we know the mind well, we’re proud of our knowledge, understanding, which makes us stand so tall, we have all the doctrines theories, logics in place, we’re the best neurologists, psychologists in this race, what we need to know that mind is a mystery, don’t put in astray. No matter what is known it will always be a history, the world of mind is strangely amazing with full of surprises. If one debate is closed, some other will arise. Let it rest with mindfulness not mind-full or mind fool. Limitations define your current circumstances, which also means that they define the quality of your life. So, breakthrough is always breaking your limitations. Both limitations and breakthroughs start from your mind. To the mind that is still, the whole universe surrenders.

Seeking the neural basis of biological intelligence, including mind-like properties and consciousness, we can hardly localize it in a specific region of the brain, but must suppose it to involve all those regions through whose activity an organism is able to construct an adequate model of its external world, perhaps it may even encompass the entire neo- and subcortical network. So, the health of your brain is much more about your actions than your age. Fill your brain with giant dreams, so it has no space for petty pursuits. The greatest disability is in the mind, not in the body. There are two eyes, two nose, two ears, two kidneys, but mind is only one if it fails then, the whole body fails. Mind is the bus driver, and our body is a bus. Run this system carefully. When you know what you really want, you feel it, breathe it, see it, smell it, taste it and you never lose sight of it without afflicting others until you get it. This is called fierce determination of mind powered by incredible faith.

It is no exaggeration to say that the human brain is an impressive organ. No other brain in the animal kingdom is capable of generating the kind of higher consciousness associated with human ingenuity, with our ability to make plans and write poetry. Yet the most complex structure in the known universe – as it is often described – is more mysterious than the least- explored regions of the deepest ocean. More than our mind is trained or untrained, it is more aware or unaware mind which comes from stillness of mind by study, analysis and experience. The mind is a wonderful servant, but a terrible master. To be successful, you don’t need a beautiful face and heroic body, what you need is a skillful mind and the ability to perform. When mind is weak, situation is a problem. When mind is balanced, situation is challenge. When mind is strong, situation become opportunity.  Your strongest muscle and strongest enemy are your mind-train your mind well, stay positive. Train your mind to be stronger than your feelings. The mind of one freethinker can possess a million ideas. A million fanatics can have their minds possessed by a single idea.

Many have tried to establish what the absolute limits for human performance are and science can provide us with some clues as to what they could be and when we will likely reach them. It is clear, that there has been a dramatic improvement in athletic ability over the past century in Olympic Games. This is reflected by the continuous improvement of world records in track and field athletics from the early 1900s, which tend to follow a linear rather than an exponential trend. However, this progress is not distributed evenly across the various disciplines of track and field athletics. Memory is the depth of your consciousness.

The brain is the fastest information transmitter in the multi-verse. It is the uncontrolled master organ that determines the meaning of the signals it receives from each receptor. The mind level knows the kind of the incoming information and interprets, analyses and reacts by decides as per our stored information. The stored information at the deepest core is the set of collected experiences of past and reacts accordingly and it is our behavior project outside from inside. Such stored information need refresh, new other benevolent information to mankind either to a child or a young or an old. The mind is the set of cognitive faculties including consciousness, imagination, perception, thinking, judgement, language and memory, which is housed in the physical brain. It is usually defined as the faculty of an entity’s thoughts and consciousness. It is capable of much larger than we know or assume. The mastery over your own mind is the greatest battle towards benefit and welfare of many and more. If you can rule your mind, then, you will able to rule on your life.

Science has found the brain, but the consciousness is still a mystery. It is the nature of mind to roam about. All you can do is to shift the focus of consciousness beyond the mind. However, to the meditators, consciousness is no more a mystery. Something interesting happens when different vibrating things come together: They will often start, after a little while, to vibrate together at the same frequency. They “sync up,” sometimes in ways that can seem mysterious. This is described as the phenomenon of spontaneous self-organization.

Mathematician Steven Strogatz provides various examples from physics, biology, chemistry and neuroscience to illustrate “sync” – his term for resonance – in his 2003 book “Sync: How Order Emerges from Chaos in the Universe, Nature, and Daily Life,” including:

  • When fireflies of certain species come together in large gatherings, they start flashing in sync, in ways that can still seem a little mystifying.
  • Lasers are produced when photons of the same power and frequency sync up.
  • The moon’s rotation is exactly synced with its orbit around the Earth such that we always see the same face.

Examining resonance leads to potentially deep insights about the nature of consciousness and about the universe more generally. Neuroscientists have identified sync in their research, too. Large-scale neuron firing occurs in human brains at measurable frequencies, with mammalian consciousness thought to be commonly associated with various kinds of neuronal sync. For example, German neurophysiologist Pascal Fries has explored the ways in which various electrical patterns sync in the brain to produce different types of human consciousness.

Fries focuses on gamma, beta and theta waves. These labels refer to the speed of electrical oscillations in the brain, measured by electrodes placed on the outside of the skull. Groups of neurons produce these oscillations as they use electrochemical impulses to communicate with each other. It’s the speed and voltage of these signals that, when averaged, produce EEG waves that can be measured at signature cycles per second. Gamma waves are associated with large-scale coordinated activities like perception, meditation or focused consciousness; beta with maximum brain activity or arousal; and theta with relaxation or daydreaming. These three wave types work together to produce, or at least facilitate, various types of human consciousness, according to Fries. But the exact relationship between electrical brain waves and consciousness is still very much up for debate.

Fries calls his concept “communication through coherence.” For him, it’s all about neuronal synchronization. Synchronization, in terms of shared electrical oscillation rates, allows for smooth communication between neurons and groups of neurons. Without this kind of synchronized coherence, inputs arrive at random phases of the neuron excitability cycle and are ineffective, or at least much less effective, in communication. Our resonance theory builds upon the work of Fries and many others, with a broader approach that can help to explain not only human and mammalian consciousness, but also consciousness more broadly. Based on the observed behavior of the entities that surround us, from electrons to atoms to molecules, to bacteria to mice, bats, rats, and on, we suggest that all things may be viewed as at least a little conscious. This sounds strange at first blush, but “panpsychism” – the view that all matter has some associated consciousness – is an increasingly accepted position with respect to the nature of consciousness. Example: A fire has a burning consciousness.

The panpsychist argues that consciousness did not emerge at some point during evolution. Rather, it’s always associated with matter and vice versa – they’re two sides of the same coin. But the large majority of the mind associated with the various types of matter in our universe is extremely rudimentary. An electron or an atom, for example, enjoys just a tiny amount of consciousness. But as matter becomes more interconnected and richer, so does the mind, and vice versa, according to this way of thinking. Biological organisms can quickly exchange information through various biophysical pathways, both electrical and electrochemical. Non-biological structures can only exchange information internally using heat/thermal pathways – much slower and far less rich in information in comparison. Living things leverage their speedier information flows into larger-scale consciousness than what would occur in similar-size things like boulders or piles of sand, for example. There’s much greater internal connection and thus far more “going on” in biological structures than in a boulder or a pile of sand.

Under our approach, boulders and piles of sand are “mere aggregates,” just collections of highly rudimentary conscious entities at the atomic or molecular level only. That’s in contrast to what happens in biological life forms where the combinations of these micro-conscious entities together create a higher level macro-conscious entity. For us, this combination process is the hallmark of biological life. The central thesis of our approach is this: the particular linkages that allow for large-scale consciousness – like those humans and other mammals enjoy – result from a shared resonance among many smaller constituents. The speed of the resonant waves that are present is the limiting factor that determines the size of each conscious entity in each moment.

As a particular shared resonance expands to more and more constituents, the new conscious entity that results from this resonance and combination grows larger and more complex. So the shared resonance in a human brain that achieves gamma synchrony, for example, includes a far larger number of neurons and neuronal connections than is the case for beta or theta rhythms alone.

What about larger inter-organism resonance like the cloud of fireflies with their little lights flashing in sync? Researchers think their bioluminescent resonance arises due to internal biological oscillators that automatically result in each firefly syncing up with its neighbors.

Is this group of fireflies enjoying a higher level of group consciousness? Probably not, since we can explain the phenomenon without recourse to any intelligence or consciousness. But in biological structures with the right kind of information pathways and processing power, these tendencies toward self-organization can and often do produce larger-scale conscious entities.

Our resonance theory of consciousness attempts to provide a unified framework that includes neuroscience, as well as more fundamental questions of neurobiology and biophysics, and also the philosophy of mind. It gets to the heart of the differences that matter when it comes to consciousness and the evolution of physical systems. It is all about vibrations, but it’s also about the type of vibrations and, most importantly, about shared vibrations. Consciousness is omniscient, mind is limited. Through proper right mind channelization, the door to consciousness opens.

Posted January 14, 2020 by arjunlimbu in Uncategorized

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