Archive for the ‘Nepal’ Tag

Buddha Born   Leave a comment


Is Buddha born in Nepal or India?

The world is researching and the people want to know. More than 623 B.C., there were many kingdoms in current Nepal and in India. There was no clear distinction between those two current countries.  But, it can be delineate the lines from the perspective where the mixture of India and Chinese people have lived together in this himalayan zones, one plateau to northern part and other totally vastness of flat land.

There is still the ‘Greater NEPAL’ concept, which is encompass a larger parts of India, which was in Nepal before. The British invasion in india and a part of Nepal, made a collapse of several Nepali regions extended far west to far east.

3 Things are most important to Remember where Buddha born.

  1. Buddha, particularly, siddhartha was born in Lumbini, Kapilvastu, Nepal. The physical body, and such things happens only in pure lands.
  2. Siddhartha achieved Nibanna, in India for now, which was Nepal, before British took a chunk part of Nepal under Greater nepal.
  3. Actually, the seed of buddha is inside each body of us.

The question is, “Is it worth fighting for?”.

A Door Policy of Nepal for NGOs   Leave a comment


As working on Nonprofit organization in Nepal, it is my experience on Govt’s policy.

Dr. Yogi Bikasanada, Spiritual & Motivational speaker, once said that pluralism of aid is “AIDS”. However, for country like Nepal, multitude of aid projects or “Aids” are always essential due to government’s complete inefficiency, immaturity in multifaceted capacities, especially at the economy level as it seems that it is the first essential driving force of so called “development”. Since, government is moving ahead with a one door policy, is it really the correct path?In general, Nepali people are always cannot compromise with government offices and officials with current autocratic behaviors, government officials should behave as public servants. Do really govt. officials care about their people?

NGOs had an easy accessed to districts for developmental works, and some seem to be wrong doers, however, currently government’s enforcement of one door policy for NGOs may streamline those wrongdoer NGOs but still has some fallacies that need amendments in policy in easing work flow.As per this govt. policy, districts for coalition, they ask a copy of lot of irrelevant documents regarding organizations which is redundant, their districts-VDCs are inaccessible, for small organizations their funds are not sufficient, district authorities do not have enough ideas of their areas for projects, which really frustrating NGO workers. We have seen projects that are duplicated and added redundantly, where government’s inefficiency and lack of database to examine it.

Also, District development board committee may have an indexing system for project development priorities, however, due to political power, individual link access to government fund, do not put developmental work priority areas properly and disturb overall our development goals. So it looks like it is futile to work on until a good governance system is put forward that will rather ease with complete check and balance of NGOs, District development plans together in meeting “Local Needs”.

Government should restructure in one door policy in order to ease NGOs to work.

  • First things, Government should also validate email exchanged documents in procedure, and for documents’ verification, government should network with each other efficiently in this age of information technology wherever and whenever possible. It seems that information exchange is worst between government bodies of Nepal. Communication and Data exchange is the first thing that government should be mindful for progress on development. Maybe it’s a time that Government needs a universal software application for developmental project. NGOs project approval from government process is a time consuming, and project completion time frame is delimited.
  • District government should have a clear, concise, quickly accessible, readable District Development Information Database (DDID) of developmental priorities that ease NGOs.
  • Development Decisions should not be driven on politically dividend or on any influence based, it should rather be based on “District Need Indexing System (DNIS) that uniformly plans budget funding in their region. Socio-Polito Influences has been heavily diverting decision of funding process of government, so why the government is acting about one door policy.
  • Government Officials need to take an Ownership of their district development, which is lacking due to socio-polito influences. Maybe, they should have an achievement competition between districts over 5 and 10 years interval. District Government officials do not know much about their intricacies of districts at community level. Don’t be money oriented.
  • In NGOs established district, NGOs should have a complete documents (like tax free docs, Revenue docs, Fiscal Year plans, Annual budgets, Social Welfare Council affiliation, District Renewal Doc). However, for project implementation, other district should ask only a copy docs of SWC affiliation, project plan (not proposal), Renewal District certificate, project completion Report.
  • NGOs have special deeper relation with local community people where government should not pose any obstruction in the name of district development priorities.NGOs staffs work very hard to ensure their projects are performed well with very limited budgets.
  • Government should be giving free training, networking, fund raising and government funding opportunities etc.. to NGOs official regularly.They should give back to NGOs too.
  • Not all NGOs are financially strong which makes NGO officials continue to work very hard to get fund for projects and also their annual project budgets grants from international organizations are highly unreliable and variable which government bodies has to understand.Also,Small Grant Policy for NGOs should be adopted by district to encourage them to work in their areas rather than enforcing them into their narrow band of indistinct plans strictly.
  • Govt. job is the Servant of public, not the dictator or ruler. They need a training on how to speak with public – who are ignorant of changing govt. policies and moreover their policy is govt. job servant oriented rather than based on legislation.
  • Good working organizations are falling into this trap.

EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION   Leave a comment


SAY :  NO TO NO, Don’t linger others.
NO Means NO.
But, how to say NO ?

Arjun-Communication
EYE TO I Contact – Communication

Socially, Face to face communication is the most difficult situation. Even with the growing social media and more people’s proclivity to this virtual communication world that has rendered an aggravation in socialization practice. Therefore, a Good communication skill is required in order to either avoid or negotiate or mediate, and play a pivotal role in arbitration during conflict. Also, a good judgement comes from experiences and experience comes from bad judgement and bad communication. So, we should always emulate by communicating from others’ perspectives and communicate how others understand.Understand there is an “Information Gap” which you need to “Fill” it up, which does not differ much in a creative or effective writing techniques as human emotions are inclusive in both ways of expression. However, we should not forget important research:

7% impression by Words; 38% impression by Tone (Tonality-meaning changes with tone); 55% by Body Language (Eye to Eye Contact-shows over others)

Biologically, the sudden rush of the adrenaline chemical in our blood stream from our gland, stimcommunicationulates the jerking strength to fight or act physically. Therefore, while discussing do not stand, sit a while. In sitting disposition, the adrenaline chemical is attenuated. So, Take a minute to approach for discussion.

Sense of Humor

  • Some people joke all the time, carefree and can be teased.
  • BUT some people are serious or sensitive to teasing and get easily offended.
  • Avoid: smutty jokes, rude jokes, “sick” jokes about dead cats, sexual innuendos, toilet humor, teasing unless you are sure the person can take it or take a prior consent!
  • Different nationalities have different types of humor. Not everyone finds the same things funny.

Things to Consider before Speaking

1. OLAFA System: It is OBSERVE, LISTEN, ASK, FEEDBACK AND AGREE. How should you give FEEDBACK and approach AGREE situation? It should be followed in stated order. However, we cannot always expect that you must somehow come to AGREE situation, we can always just try our best approach in discussion with opponent by SANDWICH Method and Diplomatic Approaches understanding the SITUATION Analysis.

 2. SANDWICH Method: It is the best feedback method to reply, response or discuss or argue, while you confront to hard talk. It involves simple 3 steps to give feedback:

a.SOFT PART: Don’t incite anger or displease with your vile, contemptible beginning with distressed people. So, Instigate conversation by deflating him/her with Empathy, Sympathy, Condolence, Appraise of his/her good deeds in pasts, on the situation stated by haughty, overweening and insolent person. You can request him to “sit” and give a cold drink first. You can start with following story telling.

I honestly understand the situation that you had been into…….
I am very sorry to hear it…………………..
Last year, I had also been through to similar situation…….

b.HARD PART: Slowly enter into expositing hard facts in order to make him to elucidate other side. In some instance, you could staunch with spearheading truth with reflection of what had happened and Negotiate it with win-win and persuasion.
Sometimes, it could also might have happened that………….
We also have to understand that ……………….(say that other side is also very strong perspective in order to make him/her realize that he/she is wrong).

Note: Say “NO” to “NO”,  BUT BE SURE YOUR “NO” IS LOGICALLY SOUND WITH GOOD PURPOSE AND DOESN’T HARM ANYONE.

c. SOFT PART: Try to collaborate, Conclude with Constructive suggestions, forgive or forget cold past things and offer a room to improve with soft tone. Inspire or use motivation, encourage them to persuade- don’t just tell them what to do.
So, I think we should do………………
So, in my experience, the best thing to do is…………………
Still, We can go together and solve this problem by………………….
So, We can consider it together by………………….

[NB: Don’t use YOU when situation is adverse, better use WE and US. Include yourself in his situation and let him/her know that you are also there for it together.]

For Project Meeting dealing with Donors to convince, the following is the good steps you can start with.raise voice

Our proposal deals with the serious problem of……….
This problem really needs more attention because……….

The following shows that our approach is very effective…..
We are unique organization because…….
Our strong points are………….
If the proposed project wouldn’t be implemented…………..

3. DIPLOMATIC APPROACH: Use positive diplomatic techniques, some approaches as follows.

  • WORDS – Use powerful short, effective positive words. Speak for ordinary public people, so use sometimes amusing, everyday words like you talk to your friends. Donald Trump won the Dec 2016 US election because of his simplicity in words and talk. Even in a public, talk as if you are talking with a single person becoz every single only listens to you, but why do u think u talking to many people. It removes fear of public speaking.
  • PERSONALITY – Your personality adds value, power, give weigh to words you pitch.
  • SITUATION ANALYSIS: Approaches depending upon situation
                 a. Autocratic: You give orders, or take a lead with your words and actions to                                                 make a decision. It is a risk too.
                     Ex. It is better to do this way……………… ( a bit polite way)
                                I Strongly suggest you……..
                                I Strongly recommend ……….                     I would like to……………………..
                 b. Democratic: You allow others also to influence in decision making. As far as                                              possible, accept democratic approach with negotiation.

    4.NON-VERBAL COMMUNICATION:

AVOIDANCE- Like the way, there’s always a moment of happiness, a black clouded moment also shroud us. During this time, AVOIDANCE is also a first step, no matter what your opponents say. However, later when his head cools off, you should go to discuss on matters with him/her by following above aforementioned steps 1,2,3.

Skills of a Good Communicator

1.Listen to Understand- Not to reply: 

Good communicators don’t formulate their responses to another person while he or she is still speaking. When we do that, we can’t be fully tuned into what that other person is saying since our mind is already elsewhere: on ourselves.

So, Good communicators actively listen to others first, think through their response second, and speak third.

2. Take a Deep Breathe- Oxygen is very important to Brain. Before your speech, take a look around to audience first, look up the auditorium hall, it is a psychological introduction and preparedness for your confidence. Start Positive way like by thanking for such opportunities and all audiences, audiences is here to listen what you have to say on topics, issues that is relate yourself to them directly or indirectly because Empathy is what all requires.

3. Use I statement- Relating to others, use I, instead of you. So when you’re tempted to yell at your mom, “Why are you always so judgmental of me?” instead try something like, “I feel upset when you make certain comments because I want you to accept me the way I am.”

4.Determine your results: Are you seeking a concrete solution to a problem you talk about? Are you simply wanting to share something interesting or exciting? Or do you just need to vent your frustrations a bit and feel heard and validated?

5. Determine your Communication Styles: The very step is to identify your own style among two types:

Type 1. Brevity: For example, U might be the type of person who likes to get right to the point in as few words as possible. No chit chat, no small talk, just dive right into the facts. This is the “Land the Plane” style of communication. It is explained with 15-20 words concise and precisely of what Results, Effects, Achievements, Gain (%), True/False, Yes/No. Leaders and Boss only like to hear such. Always Remember, it is good for Interview in face to face.

Type 2: Explanation: U might be the opposite (appropriately called the “Enjoy the Ride” style), preferring to share your feelings, tell stories with lots of colorful details, and lead up to your main point with plenty of background information. It usually follows with WH questions: What, When, Where, Which, Whom, How. It is an explanation of affects in a work process from beginning to end. Always Remember, it is good for E-mail responding.

But, I prefer Type 3: It is more Type 1 and Less Type 2 combination because Leaders, Boss are experienced and talent who need brevity with explanation. If they ask Wh questions, then, Type 2 is very important. A person with few words.

Lessons: Now on wards, you can easily identify what Type of People in communication world BEFORE YOU SPEAK.

SUCCESSFUL PEOPLE’S SENTENCES n WORDS:

Achievers do not complain about barriers or hurdles; instead they find a way around obstacles and use their creativity to challenge them.

  1. Negative words like “can’t,” “won’t,” and “impossible” are never heard from the mouths of successful individuals. They know complaining will not help them, but actually doing something about the issue at hand will.
  2. Remove “I could have”, “I should have”, “I want to”, “I might have been able to”; Instead use, “I HAVE TO ……..by definitive time bound”.These negative elements do nothing but slow you down in your journey to achieve success. Instead of insulting a person, the job or the company, they seek to resolve issue with proper Facts, Tactics and complete Neutrality.

SPEAKERS TYPE:  Speakers in the business world:

  1. The incoherent, who meander, use tons of jargon, and talk of things interesting mostly to themselves.
  2. The coherent, who can verbally communicate facts and opinions but seldom say anything memorable.
  3. The articulate, who speak succinctly and clearly but whose words are seldom persuasive.
  4. The eloquent, who use language and body language to win the hearts and minds of listeners.

 

 

So true..:

Mt. Everest in Nepal   Leave a comment


Mt. Sagarmatha  is the world’s highest mountain at 8,848 metres (29,029 ft) above sea level. The name of the world’s highest peak in Nepali language is सगरमाथा, SagarmāthāSagarmatha, which literally means ‘head on or above the sky or heaven’. 

However,  I seriously argue that, It is a Saagarmatha, which literally means, ‘ForeHead of the Ocean’.
Literal Meaning:  Saagar/Sagar = Ocean            Matha=Forehead
In phonetics, the Saagar spelling is deviated to Sagar (no meaning);

Mount Everest North Face From Rongbuk Monastery in Morning

Mount Everest (Mt. Everest) is located in Sagarmatha National Park, Nepal. Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay first reached the peak of the highest mountain on Earth.

The Sagarmatha national park is the world’s highest national park located above 3000 meter (9700 ft.). This park was established in 2032 B.S. (1975 AD). It lies in the north of Khumbu region and in Solukhumbu district. Sagarmatha National Park is a protected area in the Himalayans of eastern Nepal. The total area of this park is 1148 sq. kilometers (443 sq mi). The highest peak of the world Mount Everest (Sagarmatha) and other important peaks lie in this region. This park extends to Imja Khola in the south and Tibet of china in the north which is the international border and upper part of Dudhkoshi River. This park was included in the  list of World Heritage Site in the year 2039 B.S (19th July, 1976) as ‘contains superlative natural beauty and is of great aesthetic importance’. This park was created on 19th July, 1976 and was inscribed as a Natural World Heritage Site in 1979.

MT EVEREST

Sagarmatha National Park

Total Area : 1148 sq km.
Buffer Zone : 275 sq km.
Activities : Trekking, Mountaineering, Experience of sherpa culture
Accommodation : Resort hotels, Lodges, Camping
Access : Fly to Lukla which is 30 minutes by air from Kathmandu.
Best Season : Oct-Nov and Mar-May
Dec-Feb (Snow, daytime temperature 5 degrees Celcius)
Jan-Sept ( Rainy)
Prak Headquarter : Mendalphu, Namche Bazar, Solukhumbu
Contact : 038-626043

The prime attraction of Sagarmatha National Park is Mt. Everest, the highest peak of he world. The park was added to the list of the world heritage site in 1979. The park, a part of the Himalayan ecological Zone, has several other prominent peaks most of which are above 6000 meters with most of the park above 3000 meters, Sagarmatha is full of rugged terrain with deep gorges, glaciers and huge rocks. With its Himalayan terrain and its unique culture, the park offers a blend of natural and cultural tourist products here. The vegetation at lower elevation is dominated by pine and hemlock forests, while above 3500 m the forest is dominated with silver fir, birch, rhododendron, and juniper trees. During spring and monsoon the varieties of rhododendron flowers are seen. The common wildlife in the park are Himalayan thar, ghoral, mrarelyusk deer, pikka (mouse hare), weasel, jackal. Other rarely seen animals are Himalayan black bear, wolf, lynx, and snow leopard.

Birds inhabiting the park are the impeyan pheasant (Danphe), blood pheasant, red-billed chough, yellow-billed chough, snow cock, snow pigeon, Himalayan griffon, and lammergeyer. The national park also showcases the cultural trophies with the warm sherpa hospitality and its many monasteries and cultural landmarks.

everest-post1Everest-Header-4---LM

mt-everest-base-camp

Everest_Summit_Trail

Mt. Everest Nepal

Mt. Everest Nepal North West

Mt. Everest Nepal North Face

Mt. Everest Nepal 3D Contourlines

Mt. Everest Nepal Birds eyeview

mt everest google

mt everest google1

mt everest google2

mt everest google3

mt everest google4

Wind Power for Electricity!   2 comments


This world is rapidly gaining its momentum and meaning of our basic needs growing exponentially over time. Without technology, no one can survive; in fact, people have been mechanized and it is the only one way door to breathe in changing world. In the run for Science & Technology adaptation in Nepal, the most remarkable first hydro-electricity generated was the 500kW turbine at Pharphing, built in 1911 to supply electricity to Kathmandu city. After almost a century of development in electricity generation; electrification was seen as a development tool which would bring social and environmental benefits to rural communities and to the nation as a whole. The pragmatic implication of electricity on a household basis would relief a woman’s heavy duty and physical workload pressure. Water, Water and Water everywhere virtually in Nepal and we are unable to scoop it for electricity from hydel (hydroelectricity).

It is absolutely a grim situation of Nepal that two days back; the NEA (Nepal Electricity Authority) announced eight hours of ‘load shedding’ where various industries are shutting down. On the other hand, in the name of environment preservation, we still are depending upon hydel where our neighboring countries like India are increasing the number of other alternatives like Nuclear Power Plant and Wind Power for perpetual flow of electricity.Nepalhas no exploitable fossil fuel resources and dependence on imports has become both a strain on the economy and a point of vulnerability, as the trade dispute with Indian in 1989 revealed. Ever since then, the government of Nepal has given energy supply a high priority in its plans for the country’s development, and, since the oil crisis in the 1970s, has shown increasing interest in and support for hydroelectricity as an energy source. Should we still live in the dark or augment our nations with advancement in Science & Technology? The choices are in our hand? Else, the water resources should be exploited enough to flow electricity perpetually around Nepal meeting the increasing demand no matter it is the most remote village.

Our neighbor India has a space satellite and nuclear industries which led us to ponder their capacity in Science & Technology where our nation is still following conventional hydel system and have become a perfect parasite for fossil fuel products. Now, it’s a time to generate our own independent system in electricity. The government should invest 50 paisa a liter of gasoline utilization for green and clean energy resources research & development that self sustains Nepal. Power generation from wind has emerged as one of the most successful programmes in the renewable energy sector, and has started making meaningful contributions to the overall power requirements of some States.

Renewable energy produced from the wind has garnered much attention and support in recent years but is often criticized for its low output and lack of reliability. But now a super power wind turbine has come along that may be just what the renewable energy industry needs. The MagLev wind turbine, which was first unveiled at the Wind Power Asia exhibition in Beijing, is expected take wind power technology to the next level with magnetic levitation. Magnetic levitation is an extremely efficient system for wind energy. Here’s how it works: the vertically oriented blades of the wind turbine are suspended in the air above the base of the machine, replacing the need for ball bearings. The turbine uses “full-permanent” magnets, not electromagnets — therefore, it does not require electricity to run. The full-permanent magnet system employs neodymium (”rare earth”) magnets and there is no energy loss through friction. This also helps reduce maintenance costs and increases the lifespan of the generator.

Maglev wind turbines have several advantages over conventional wind turbines. For instance, they’re able to use winds with starting speeds as low as 1.5 meters per second (m/s). Also, they could operate in winds exceeding 40 m/s. Currently, the largest conventional wind turbines in the world produce only five megawatts of power. However, one large maglev wind turbine could generate one gigawatt of clean power, enough to supply energy to 750,000 homes. It would also increase generation capacity by 20% over conventional wind turbines and decrease operational costs by 50%. If that isn’t enough, the maglev wind turbines will be operational for about 500 years! Construction began on the world’s largest production site for maglev wind turbines in central China on November 5, 2007.

 

Zhongke Hengyuan Energy Technology has invested 400 million yuan in building this facility, which will produce maglev wind turbines with capacities ranging from 400 to 5,000 Watts. In the US, Arizona-based MagLev Wind Turbine Technologies will be manufacturing these turbines. Headed by long-time renewable energy researcher Ed Mazur, the company claims that it will be able to deliver clean power for less than one cent per kilowatt hour with this new technology. It also points out that building a single giant maglev wind turbine would reduce construction and maintenance costs and require much less land than hundreds of conventional turbines.

Establishment of such technology will definitely reduce the natural resource consumption. Therefore, maglev wind turbine is so far the best option to Nepal. Even if, Nepal seeks technology-transfer; an endeavor should be the renewable resources adaptation methodology with continuation in Research & Development for greener and cleaner utilities in Nepal. Shall we start?

Posted February 28, 2012 by arjunlimbu in Energy

Tagged with , , ,

Climate Change and Asian Monsoon in the Hindu-Kush Himalaya (HKH)   Leave a comment


Published link as  http://www.climate-change.me.uk/html/climate_change_asia.html

By Environmentalists: Dipesh Raj Pant and Arjun Kumar Limbu
E-mail: arjunlimbu@hotmail.com

“Once the climate changes,
it is not only very difficult;
but, almost impossible to retain it”.

Can you imagine “HKH” without the “Monsoon Season?” “D-A”

The two simple words “Climate Change” is one of several biophysical factors encompassed by the term Global Environmental Change (GEC), and have always been intriguing herald scientists, due to its fragile nature. Human societies in both developed and developing countries can learn to adapt to some of these changes, although, clearly, poor societies cannot adapt so easily or quickly and hence are potentially more vulnerable. The southern Asian monsoon is one of the most important and influential phenomena of Earth’s climate system. Most of the population of Southeast Asia is completely dependent on variability in the onset and duration of the monsoon has profound impacts on water resources, human life, agriculture, economics and ecosystems. Ironically, Extreme events, like floods, droughts and cyclones, cause loss of livelihood and millions of dollars of damage every year. As a consequence of this dependence societies in Southeast Asia have evolved many strategies to cope with and take advantage of existing climate variability. Can you imagine impacts of monsoon failure in South Asia, especially for Nepal which is landlocked country? There’s an only disaster.

For more info: please follow the published link as  http://www.climate-change.me.uk/html/climate_change_asia.html

%d bloggers like this: